The twenty-first century has become the full bright morning g of spaceflight with the latest technologies which have been introduced recently. Today some robots and probes explore every corner of the solar system. Numerous orbiting telescopes map the whole galaxy in addition to the near earth objects. There is also the international space station which is a permanent outpost merely based in space. There has also been the introduction of the commercial space flight with the creation of such technologies as SpaceX’s Falcon 9 rocket as well as the ISS.
The following are some of the newest technologies for space which have entirely revolutionized the sector:
1. The Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter
This technology was launched in 2005 and is as of now orbit Mars, the planet while it studies the water history in this planet. It is the main task to analyze the geographical features such as the canyons that might have resulted from water effects. It also uses spectrometer in the analysis of the chemical composition of the Martian surface.
This technology has a HiRISE camera which is capable of spying objects which are as small as the dinner table. As recorded by NASA, this technology has managed to capture the images of three rolling Martian rovers on the Martian regolith. As of now, it is clear that most of the discoveries concerning the history of Martian water as well as weather are as a result of MRO.
2. Kepler Spacecraft
In 2009, there was the launching of this low-cost orbital telescope with the primary objective to locate the exoplanets in the Milky Way galaxy. This technology has been used lately to discover 2740 possible planets that orbit 2036 starts according to the reports provided by NASA.
With this knowledge of creating lots of planets today, which only represents a smaller percentage of what likely exists, it has become possible for the understanding of people to be transformed concerning the space in both the galaxy and the universe.
This is a powerful robot that has ever set its wheels at the Martian regolith. This robot has joined its other siblings in the name opportunity and spirit. However, this technology has a more robust set of tools as well as a broader array of instruments. This technology landed on mars for the first time in 2012. It is also known as the Mars science lab and only ha a single mission to accomplish on the planet, studying the Martian habitability.
The instruments of curiosity are designed in such a way that they can explore whether or not there used to exist conditions in the planet that could support plants and animals life. Similarly, it is working harder to determine whether or not the same conditions which are said to be there still exist today.
4. The SELENE Lunar Orbiter
This lunar satellite was launched by the Japanese space programs called JAXA in the year 2007. At the point of its launch, this program was nicknamed as Kaguya to mean the name of the moon princess in Japan. The introduction of this technology was attributed to the need to study the moon’s magnetic field and geology.
Similarly, it provided the most precise and detailed maps of the lunar surface ever can be since the beginning of life. This technology will be used by future explorers who might want to build on the moon, especially the maps which it created.
5. The International Space Station
This is the first orbital space habitat which was designed for a long time stay in the space. The station had significantly expanded since its launching over 19 years ago, and lots of innovations have been made to make it better.
As of now, this station hosts lots of scientists and dozens of missions hence allowing the researchers to carry out lots of experiments on the orbit of the earth. The first thing that the international space station has shown is that human beings can live for longer days than expected in space.
As such, scientists can gather information concerning the effects of living in the same both psychologically and physically. It also tends to depict that there is an open road to human civilization beyond the boundaries of the earth.
Technology has advanced in all the sectors of life today. Many scientists are working hard to achieve the dream of examining whether or not there is life elsewhere beyond earth and how life experiences are within such localities can. This curiosity has given born many technologies of space today, and they are altering the whole system. With the use of the techniques listed herein, scientists and geologists have managed to explore the space, and they are working hard in coming back with the most relevant information to convey to other people, especially concerning the other planets other than earth.